NEW YORK • Mr John Portman, the architect and developer who revolutionised lodge designs with hovering futuristic atriums, constructed business towers that revitalised the downtowns of decaying postwar American cities and reworked Asian skylines from Shanghai to Mumbai, died final Friday in Atlanta.
He was 93.
Mr Portman’s household introduced his demise. No trigger was given.
One of the world’s best-known and most influential architects, Mr Portman, over half a century, redefined city landscapes within the United States.
He constructed the Peachtree Centre in Atlanta, the Embarcadero Centre in San Francisco, the Renaissance Centre in Detroit and scores of lodge, workplace and retail complexes in cities akin to New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, Houston, Fort Worth and San Diego.
His buildings typically evoked oohs and aahs from the general public, however weren’t at all times a success with critics, who known as them concrete islands, self-contained cities inside cities – serving their patrons but insular, even forbidding to outsiders.
But by combining architectural skills with the savvy of an actual property entrepreneur, Mr Portman was massively profitable and a rarity amongst contemporaries: each an artist and a tricky businessman.
In the 1960s and 1970s, his signature accommodations – skyscrapers with escarpment atriums, cantilevered balconies overlooking interiors large enough to comprise the Statue of Liberty, whooshing glass lifts, waterfalls, hanging gardens and revolving rooftop eating places – supplied thrilling antidotes to the usual lot of dreary lodge lobbies, claustrophobic field lifts and shotgun corridors lined with cells for the inmates.
An Atlanta maverick who defied architects’ ethics codes by plunging into actual property growth, Mr Portman, who had no cash to begin with, made and lost hundreds of thousands co-financing a lot of his personal tasks.
From the 1980s, he designed and constructed accommodations, retail marts and workplace towers in China, South Korea, India, Malaysia and Singapore – together with the Marina Mandarin Singapore – and extra complexes in Europe, the Middle East and the United States.
As they proliferated within the US, his atrium accommodations, many constructed for the Hyatt Corp, had been broadly imitated by different architects who sought to capitalise on the dizzying exhilaration of patrons hovering 50 tales in a Buck Rogers glass capsule, or eating below the celebrities as the town moved in a circle with the galactic night time.
There had been setbacks for the atrium idea. The 40-storey Hyatt Regency Kansas City, designed by three native architects with an atrium imitating Mr Portman’s, was the scene of a collapse of two aerial walkways in 1981 throughout a dance competitors within the foyer.
The collapse killed 114 individuals and injured 216 others in one of many nation’s deadliest structural failures.
By the late 1980s, with atriums within the Westin Bonaventure in Los Angeles, the Hyatt Regency in San Francisco, the Marriott Marquis in New York and dozens of others, the design was so widespread that some motels had what handed for atriums. Travellers had been now not impressed and critics stated Mr Portman had repeated himself too typically.
But his atriums had been laced into common tradition.
In the 1977 movie, High Anxiety, Mel Brooks, as an acrophobic psychiatrist dealing with a sheer drop on the San Francisco Hyatt, inches to his room clinging to the partitions. And within the 1993 movie, In The Line Of Fire, Clint Eastwood’s Secret Service agent outlasts a would-be presidential murderer in a glass elevator on the Los Angeles Bonaventure.
As federal help for city renewal light within the 1970s, Mr Portman’s business towers had been hailed as downtown saviours, bringing again vacationers and suburban buyers, and renewing economies and crumbling landscapes.
But some failed, and a rising refrain of critics derided his constructions as islands of exclusion, paradoxically lower off from the downtowns they had been supposed to rescue.
Influenced by architect Frank Lloyd Wright, Mr Portman stated his personal buildings, particularly accommodations, had been designed to reinforce the experiences of individuals who used them.
“Anyone can build a building and put rooms in it,” he instructed The New York Times in 2011.
“But we should put human beings at the head of our thought processes. You want to hopefully spark their enthusiasm. Like riding in a glass lift: Everyone talks on a glass lift. You get on a closed-in lift, everyone looks down at their shoes. A glass lift lets people’s spirits expand. Architecture should be a symphony.”
Colleagues stated Mr Portman, like his buildings, was proudly self-contained. Tall, soft-spoken, with a mild smile and wavy hair, he labored incessantly, was not given to small speak and by no means shed his slight air of Old South formality.
John Calvin Portman Jr was born in Walhalla, South Carolina, on Dec four, 1924, to government employee John Calvin and beautician Edna Rochester Portman.
He grew up in Atlanta, the place he performed soccer and graduated in 1943 from Tech High School.
In 1944, he married Joan Newton. They had six youngsters. Besides his spouse, he’s survived by 4 sons, a daughter, 19 grandchildren, 5 great-grandchildren and three sisters.
At 86, he was nonetheless working John Portman & Associates.
“A fish got to swim and a bird got to fly,” he instructed The New York Times in his Southern Comfort drawl. “I’m here six days a week and it’d be seven if I didn’t make a commitment to my wife to take a day off.” He by no means retired.