LONDON (Reuters) – British inflation unexpectedly cooled to a one-year low in March, calling into query whether or not the Bank of England will elevate rates of interest greater than as soon as earlier than the tip of the 12 months.
Sterling tumbled beneath $1.42 and British government bond costs shot up after official information on Wednesday confirmed annual client value inflation fell to 2.5 p.c from 2.7 p.c in February. The determine was effectively beneath economists’ common expectation in a Reuters ballot for it to carry at 2.7 p.c.
For a graphic on UK inflation, click on tmsnrt.rs/2yh4Y0A
While the inflation fall is sweet news for shoppers who have been squeezed because the 2016 Brexit vote hammered the worth of the pound, it suggests value pressures is probably not as sturdy because the central financial institution had thought.
For the primary quarter as a complete, annual inflation averaged 2.7 p.c — beneath the forecast of two.9 p.c that the BoE made in February.
A agency majority of economists polled by Reuters within the run-up to the info predicted that the Bank would elevate rates of interest by zero.25 proportion factors to zero.75 p.c at its May coverage assembly. [ECILT/GB]
Most caught to that view in mild of Wednesday’s figures, however some mentioned the possibilities of a second charge hike later this 12 months — that many had earmarked for November — now appeared shaky.
“An increase in May is still very much on the cards, but the market will reduce its expectations further out,” mentioned Neil Birrell, chief funding officer at Premier Asset Management.
Interest charge swaps BOEWATCH value in a two thirds probability that the BoE will elevate charges in May, however the probability of an extra rise to 1 p.c earlier than the tip of the 12 months is now about one-in-three.
Two-year gilt yields GB2YT=RR dropped eight foundation factors to a one-month low of zero.808 p.c — their greatest intra-day fall of 2018 – earlier than recovering to zero.85 p.c.
Inflation jumped in Britain as sterling plunged after June 2016’s vote to depart the European Union.
But inflation seems to have peaked in November, when CPI hit three.1 p.c, the very best studying in additional than 5 years.
Sterling has recovered a few of its worth in current months and had reached a post-Brexit referendum excessive of $1.4377 on Tuesday. That ought to assist to ease among the inflation stress which has damage the spending energy of many households.
The Office for National Statistics (ONS) mentioned girls’s clothes costs rose at a slower-than-usual tempo in March.
“Alcohol and tobacco also helped ease inflation pressures, with tobacco duty rises linked to the Budget not appearing this March, thanks to its new autumn billing,” ONS head of inflation Mike Hardie mentioned.
But core inflation, which excludes power, meals, alcohol and tobacco costs, fell by an identical quantity to the headline information, unexpectedly dropping to 2.three p.c from 2.four p.c.
“We remain unpersuaded that domestically generated inflation is about to pick up, and today’s inflation release only adds to our scepticism,” HSBC economist Elizabeth Martins mentioned.
Junior finance minister Mel Stride advised Sky News that the newest inflation figures pointed to a “potential turning point” for actual wages.
Britain’s Trades Union Congress mentioned wages have been nonetheless price much less in actual phrases than earlier than the monetary disaster, and that an rate of interest hike was the very last thing British employees wanted.
Overall wage progress within the three months to February was regular at 2.eight p.c — simply behind the speed of inflation over the interval. The Bank of England expects wages to develop extra shortly than inflation later this 12 months.
The ONS figures pointed to much less stress within the pipeline for client costs.
Manufacturers elevated the costs they charged by 2.four p.c in contrast with 2.6 p.c in February, barely stronger than the consensus forecast of two.three p.c however nonetheless marking the weakest charge of enhance since November 2016.
The ONS additionally mentioned home costs in February rose by four.four p.c year-on-year throughout the United Kingdom as a complete in contrast with four.7 p.c in January, the weakest enhance in seven months.
Prices in London fell for the primary time since September 2009.
Editing by Catherine Evans and Toby Chopra